Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH Regulation) is a EU regulation on chemicals which came into force on 1 June 2007. REACH stands for the "Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals". As an EU Regulation, REACH is applicable to the same extent and directly in all Member States. With REACH, a basic process of harmonisation and simplification has been applied to the existing chemicals legislation. Manufacturers or importers producing or importing into the European Union simple substances and/or substances in preparations in volumes of more than one tonne a year fall under the area of application of REACH. In this connection there is a distinction made between the terms 'phase-in' substances and 'non-phase-in' substances (see below).
Manufacturers/importers are physical persons or legal entities based in the European Community producing a substance or with responsibility for its importation [Article 3 REACH Regulation]. Manufacturers in the form of a physical person or legal entity based outside the Community importing substances, preparations and/or products may, by mutual consent, appoint a physical person or a legal entity based within the Community to fulfil the relevant importer's obligations on their behalf, acting as their 'sole representative'. If a sole representative is appointed, the manufacturer based outside the Community informs the members of its supply chain based within the Community accordingly [Article 8 REACH Regulation].
RoHS Restriction of (Use of) Hazardous Substances
The Directive on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic equipment (2002/95/EC) regulates the use of hazardous materials in appliances and components. It, and its respective embodiment in national law, is abbreviated to RoHS - Restriction of the use of certain Hazardous Substances).
The objective of this Directive is to eliminate the use of problematical components from products, in the wake of the massive proliferation of disposable electronics. This includes, among other things, promoting the lead-free soldering of electronic components, forbidding the use of toxic flame retardants in the manufacture of cables and promoting the introduction of the corresponding substitute products. The parts and components used must themselves likewise be free of the corresponding materials.